Excel VBA 365 allows a procedure to repeat many times until a condition is met. This is called looping. There are three kinds of loops, the For…….Next loop, the While….Wend loop and the Do...Loop.
The one level For….Next Loop event procedure is written as follows:
For counter=startNumber to endNumber (Step increment) One or more VB statements Next
In this Excel VBA 365 program, you place the command button on the spreadsheet then click on it to go into the Excel VBA 365 editor. When you click on the button, the Excel VBA program will fill cells(1,1) with the value of 1, cells(2,1) with the value of 2, cells(3,1) with the value of 3……until cells (10,1) with the value of 10. The position of each cell in the Excel spreadsheet is referenced with cells(i,j), where i represents a row and j represent a column. We shall learn more about cells in future lessons.
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click() Dim i As Integer For i = 1 To 10 Cells(i, 1).Value = i Cells(i,2).Value=i^2 Next End Sub
For...Next loop with step increments. In this example, the number increases by 2 at a time. The resulting series is 1,3,5,7,9 displayed in Cells(1,1), Cells(3,1),Cells(5,1), Cells(7,1) and Cells(9,1) respectively.
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click() Dim i As Integer For i = 1 To 10 Step 2 Cells(i, 1).Value = i Next End Sub
Nested For...Next loops mean there more than one For…Next Loops are nested within the first level For…..Next loop. The structure is as follows:
For counter=startNumber1 to endNumber1 For counter=startNumber2 to endNumber2 For counter=startNumber3 to endNumber3 One or more VB statements Next Next Next
In this example , we use nested loop to insert the values of i+j from cells(1,1),cells(1,2),cells(1,3),cells(1,4),cells(1,5) ……….until cells(10,5).
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click() Dim i, j As Integer For i = 1 To 10 For j = 1 To 5 Cells(i, j).Value = i + j Next Next End Sub
The structure of a While….Wend Loop is very similar to the Do Loop. it takes the following form:
While condition Statements Wend
The above loop means that while the condition is not met, the loop will go on. The loop will end when the condition is met. Let’s examine the program listed in example 12.4.
In this example, the Excel VBA program will compute the square of numbers from 1 to 15 and displays them from Cells(1,1) to Cells(15,1)
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click() Dim i As Integer i = 1 While i <= 15 Cells(i, 1) = i ^ 2 i = i + 1 Wend End Sub