Excel VBA stands for Excel Visual Basic for Applications. The applications can be created using the built-in Visual Basic Editor in Microsoft Excel. An application created by Excel VBA is also known as macro. This tutorial is based on MS Excel 2003 but they are applicable in other versions of MS Excel. Check out our tutorials on Excel VBA 2010 and Excel VBA 365.
There are two ways to create an Excel VBA macro. The first is to place a command button on the MS Excel spreadsheet and click on the button to enter the Visual Basic Editor. The second is to launch the Visual Basic Editor from the menu. To launch the VBE, click on tools on the menu bar and select macro and then click on Visual Basic Editor.
To create an Excel VBA using the command button, you need to place the command button on the spreadsheet. In order to access the command button, you need to click View on the MS Excel menu bar and then click on the toolbar and select the Control Toolbox to launch the control toolbox, as shown in Figure 1.1 .The control toolbox comprises various controls, as shown in Figure 1.2. Select the command button and place it on the spreadsheet.
Next, you click on the command button and the Visual Basic Editor will appear.Enter the statement as shown in the Figure 1.3. The first statement will fill up cell A1 to cell A10 with the phrase "Visual Basic" while the second statement add the value in cell A11 and cell B11 and then show the sum in cell C11. The output is shown in Figure 1.4.
To launch the VBE, click on tools on the menu bar and select macro and then click on Visual Basic Editor,as shown in Figure 1.5. The Visual Basic Editor code window is shown in Figure 1.6. You can create a VBA function in the VBE. We will learn about function in later lesson.