Excel VBA 2010 Lesson 16: Introduction to Excel VBA 2010 Object Part 1

 [Lesson 15][Table of Contents][Lesson 17]

Most programming languages today deal with objects, a concept called object oriented programming. As Excel VBA 2010 is an object oriented programming language, it has to deal with objects. Excel VBA 2010 object is something like a tool or a thing that has certain functions and properties, and can contain data. Some of the objects in Excel VBA 2010 are Workbook, worksheet, Range, Cells, Chart, Pivot Table and more.

In order to view the Excel VBA 2010 objects, click object browser in the Excel VBA 2010 editor and you will be presented with a list of objects(or classes) together with their properties and methods, as shown in Figure 16.1.


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vb2010 Figure 16.1





If you have inserted some Active-X controls into the UserForm of a worksheet, clicking on the UserForm will reveal the objects together with the associated events, as shown in Figure 16.2

vba2010_fig16.2

16.2: Object Properties

An Excel VBA object has properties and methods. Properties are like the characteristics or attributes of an object. For example, Range is an Excel VBA object and one of its properties is value. We connect an object to its property by a period(a dot or full stop). The following example shows how we connect the property value to the Range object.

Example 16.1

Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
Range(“A1:A6”).Value = 10
End Sub

In this example, by using the value property, we can fill cells A1 to A6 with the value of 10. However, because value is the default property, it can be omitted. So the above procedure can be rewritten as:
Example 16.2

Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
Range(“A1:A6″)= 10
End Sub


Cells is also an Excel VBA object, but it is also the property of the range object. So an object can also be a property, it depends on the hierarchy of the objects. Range has higher hierarchy than cells, and interior has lower hierarchy than Cells, and color has lower hierarchy than Interior, so you can write

Range(“A1:A3″).Cells(1, 1).Interior.Color = vbYellow

This statement will fill cells (1,1) with yellow color. Notice that although the Range object specifies a range from A1 to A3, but the cells property specifies only cells(1,1) to be filled with yellow color, it sorts of overwrite the range specified by the Range object. If you wish to fill the cells from A1 to A3 with yellow color you can use the following syntax:

Range(“A1:A3″).Interior.Color = vbYellow

Another object is font that belongs to the Range object. And font has its properties.For example, Range(“A1:A4”).Font.Color=vbYellow , the color property of the object Font will result in all the contents from cell A1 to cell A4 to be filled in yellow color.

Sometime it is not necessary to type the properties, Excel VBA IntelliSense will display a drop-down list of proposed properties after you type a period at the end of the object name. You can then select the property you want by double clicking the it or by highlighting it then press the Enter key. The IntelliSense drop-down is shown in Figure 16.3

vba2010_figure16.3

Figure 16.3

  [Lesson 15][Table of Contents][Lesson 17]

 

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